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Aleko 2141


The Moskvitch 2141, commonly referred to as simply Aleko (Russian: "АЛЕКО", derivative from factory name "Автомобильный завод имени Ленинского Комсомола", Aftomobilnyi zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola, meaning "Automotive Factory of Lenins Komsomol"), is a Russian small class, third group hatchback car that was first announced in 1985 and sold in the Soviet Union and its successor states between 1986 and 2000 (gradually replaced in 2001 by its sedan body version, Moskvitch 2142, which never was produced in large quantities and which worldwide sales wasnt even started) by the now bankrupt Moskvitch Stock Company, based in Moscow, Russia.



Aleko Kalita


named after Ivan Kalita, a 14th-century Russian prince




Aro 10


ARO 10 was an off-road vehicle produced by ARO and manufactured in Romania. The ARO 24 Series got a "little brother" in 1980, the ARO 10 Series. While the ARO-24 can be classified as mid-size SUVs, the ARO 10 is about the size of a Jeep Wrangler. It was produced in many body trims, equipped with seven different engines (both gas and Diesel), and came in both 4x2 and 4x4 versions. The ARO 10 was sold as the Dacia Duster in some international markets and as ACM Enduro x4 in Italy (assembled by ARO-Ciemme). A model derived from ARO 10, named ARO Spartana, was also produced starting 1997. The last evolution of ARO 10, produced from 1999, was called ARO 10 Super, had a slight design revamp and was built on ARO 24 Series chassis.


Dacia 1310


The Dacia 1310 (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈdat͡ʃia]) was a car manufactured during the Cold War by Romanian auto marque Dacia. "1300" represents the cars engine displacement. The first Dacia 1300 left the assembly line on 23 August 1969. On 21 July 2004 the last Dacia 1310 (saloon version), number 1,959,730, rolled out the gates of the Mioveni production facility, just one month before their 35th anniversary.


Moszkvics 403


Moskvitch (Russian: Москвич) (sometimes also written as Moskvich, Moskvič or Moskwitsch) was an automobile brand from Russia produced by AZLK from 1945 to 1991 and by OAO Moskvitch from 1991 to 2002. The current article incorporates information about both the brand and the joint-stock successor of AZLK for the sake of simplicity.


OAO Moskvitch was a privatized venture name given to the former factory in order to avoid legal issues after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Since the factory had no assembly branches outside Russia after 1991, its name is largely used today to refer to the building located in Lower Eastern part of Moscow and abandoned since 2006.


The word moskvitch (Russian: москвич) itself translates as "(a) Muscovite" into English. It was used to point out the original location of the cars manufactured outside of Moscow.



Moszkvics 408


M-408, the first of the series, replaced the second generation Moskvitch 407 as the main production model starting 1964. First marketed body styles of the main version were: 4-door saloon (base), 5-door estate (the model M-426, an upgrade of second generation M-423 and 424), and 3-door panel van (the M-433, an upgrade of the second generation 432 delivery pick-up). The rear lights of the pre-facelift models were influenced by the rear lights of the BMW 700.



Moszkvics 412


The Moskvitch 412 (Moskvich 412, M-412), also called 2140 in 1975 prior to discontinuation and 1500 SL outside USSR, was a small family car produced by Soviet manufacturer MZMA/AZLK from 1967 to 1976. It was also built as the Izh 412 by IZh in Izhevsk from 1967 to 1982 and replaced by the spun off Izh Comby series thereafter. The 412, although featuring many flaws gradually fixed with its replacement, was one of the best known third generation Moskvitches and, until 1974, the best selling car in the history of AZLK.


Moszkvics 2140


Moskvitch 2140 series is a small family car produced by the Soviet automotive maker AZLK from 1976 to 1988. It started first as Moskvitch 2138 and Moskvitch 2140 with the modified 408 platform, designed and released for the Soviet market in late 1975. Starting 1981, the modification of the 412 export/luxury model was also designed and branded "2140 SL" inside the Eastern Bloc countries and "1500 SL" outside. The most notable differences between both models were a redesigned dashboard and front seat headrests in 2140.




ZAZ Tavria (Ukrainian: ЗАЗ-Таврія) is a range of front wheel drive subcompact cars made by Soviet and then Ukrainian manufacturer ZAZ. ZAZ-1102 Tavria[1] and subsequent ZAZ-1105 Dana and ZAZ-1103 Slavuta replaced rear wheel drive Zaporozhets in the product lineup.


Warsawa 223


A Pobedából Warszawa lett.

A hűtőrácson kívül a belsőtérben a kormányoszlopra helyezett váltó különbözteti meg a két típust. A Warszawát közel két évtizedes pályafutása során többször modernizálták. Először az oldalszelepelt motor adta át a helyét egy 70 lóerős, felülszelepelt aggregátnak, amelynek segítségével 100 km/h végsebességet is sikerült elérni. A karosszéria átalakítása következett: a csapotthátúból normális limuzin született.




The Yugo was subjected to miserable (and undeserved) derision at the hands of American critics, including Car Talk, who voted the Yugo their worst car of the millenium. They pointed to its use of old-generation Fiat technology and to alleged issues with build quality and reliability. However, the Yugos reputation also suffered because too many owners considered them "disposable," and thus failed to perform basic maintenance such as oil changes. The Yugos low-compression engine also requires 89-octane fuel, which most owners did not use.

The Yugo, while not a luxurious car by any means, is nonetheless a respectable economy car. While the technology it uses is outdated, the many Yugos that survive to this day are a testament to its reliability. They are peppy and well-tempered with regular maintenance.



Zaporozec 965


ZAZ-965 Zaporozhets model was made between 1960 and 1969. Design work started in 1956 at AZLK car plant, and first prototypes were designated as Moskvitch-444. The car was patterned upon the Fiat 600, with similar general composition, body, transmission, steering mechanism and rear suspension. Among main differences was air-cooled V-engine of indigenous design, bigger wheels and front suspension on torsion bars. One of reasons of choosing a rearwards-opening doors was easier access for disabled persons. In 1958 the Soviet government decided to start production of the car in reformed ZAZ factory, under a designation ZAZ-965. Further development of the car was carried out in ZAZ factory. The original ZAZ-965 differed from the ZAZ-965A. The turn signal light was moved from above of the head light to below, as seen in ZAZ-965A.


Zaporozec 966



ZAZ-966 Zaporozhets model was made from late 1966 to 1972, although the prototype was ready in 1961. It had a completely restyled bodywork, no longer resembling the Fiat 600, but now resembling Chevrolet Corvair or the German NSU Prinz. It introduced significant "ears" - air intakes on sides. Also a rear suspension was new. A simpler and first produced variant was ZAZ-966V (ЗАЗ-966В in Ukrainian), with 27 hp engine from ZAZ-965A, while a main variant ZAZ-966 was fitted with upgraded 41 hp (31 kW) MeMZ-968 1.2 l engine. ZAZ-966V was also produced in several special variants for disabled (VR, VB, VB2 - until January 1973).



Zaporozec 968


ZAZ-968 Zaporozhets was produced from 1971 to 1980. The engine remained the same 41 hp MeMZ-968, only the body was slightly modernized. Most visible difference was replacing a fake chrome grille in the cars front with a horizontal chrome decoration. Among other changes was less austere dashboard and better front brakes. Basic model ZAZ-968 was produced until 1978. From 1973 until 1980 there was produced model ZAZ-968A, which introduced new safety measures, including safer driving wheel and black plastic dashboard instead of a metal one.


Csajka - Chaika


A Chaika (Russian: Ча́йка), which means gull, is a luxury automobile from the Soviet Union made by GAZ. The vehicle is one step down from the ZIL limousine.

Chaika production consisted of two generations. The mark 1 Chaika, the GAZ M13, was produced from 1959 to 1981, and is the more famous and more numerous with more than 3,100 examples built during the 22 year production run. The M13 was powered by a 195 horsepower (145 kW) 5.5L V8 and driven through a push-button automatic transmission of a similar design to the Chrysler TorqueFlite unit. As a limousine-class car, Chaikas were available only to the Soviet government, and could not be purchased by the average citizens. However, citizens were allowed to rent Chaikas for weddings. Chaikas were one step down from the more prestigious ZIL limousines, and were issued to top professionals, party officials, scientists, academics, and other VIPs. For their larger size and more powerful V8, Chaikas were also ordered in some quantity by the KGB. Nikita Khrushchev, although entitled to a ZIL, was known to prefer Chaikas, and kept an M13 at his summer dacha. Top speed was 99 mph (158 km/h)





Extrém szovjet családi autó



A Vörös Hadsereg hegyvidéken és völgygerincen át előretört és nyert - 1945. május 8-án véget ért a második világháború. A győztes Szovjetunió egy nappal később bemutatta Győzelem (Pobeda) nevű családi autóját. Sok mindent el lehet mondani az orosz autókról: elavultak, nyugati típusok másolatai - ez azonban éppen a Pobedára nem volt jellemző.


E tapasztalatok birtokában indult 1944-ben egy, a helyi extrém időjárási viszonyokat jól tűrő családi autó kifejlesztése. Természetes volt, hogy a hadi sikerek nyomán valami ezzel összefüggő nevet kapjon az újdonság, így lett Pobeda.


ZIL 130


ZIL-130 is a Soviet/Russian truck designed and developed by ZIL, Moscow, Russia. It replaced the older ZIL-164. First prototypes were built in 1958. Produced since 1962, mass produced since 1964. Was one of the most popular cargo trucks in the USSR and Russia, in total ZIL made 3,380,000 up to 1994. Since 1995, production moved to the Urals Motor Plant (UamZ, renamed UamZ-43140).




Robur was a marque of the Volkseigener Betrieb VEB Robur-Werke Zittau of East Germany (GDR). It mainly produced 3-ton trucks. The vehicles were produced in the town of Zittau in what now is South-East Saxony. Until 1946, company produced under the marque Phänomen (English: Phenomenon), and until 1957 under the name VEB Phänomen Zittau.





Zastava Skala, also known as Yugo Skala, is a generic name for a family of cars built by Serbian manufacturer Zastava Automobili. Based on a Fiat 128 sedan, it was introduced in 1971 and sold as Zastava (Yugo) 128 with a restyled rear panel. Later it became available as a 3 or 5-door liftback, a style that had not been issued in Italy, under the name Zastava 101.

Zastava 101 is widely known by its nickname "Stojadin" (a male name, from the similarity with Serbo-Croatian for 101, "sto jedan").

In the final years of production, the Zastava Skala was available in a single trim level: the 55-horsepower, 1.1-liter, 5-door Skala 55. In 2008, a new Skala could be purchased for just under 4,000 euros, undercutting the Zastava Koral (an ameliorated Yugo).

Production of the Zastava Skala continued for some time after the discontinuation of the Zastava 128. The Skala features a fifth door, making it impressively functional at this price level. Drop the rear seat and cargo space increases from 325 to 1,010 liters.

Due to its practicality and robustness, and thanks in no small part to its low price, the Skala 55 continued to sell well in Serbia until the end of production in 2008. 1.273.532 have been built since 1971




Oltcit S.A. (IPA: /olt.sit/) was an automobile manufacturer, established as a joint venture between the Romanian government (64%) and Citroën (36%). Their main product was the Oltcit Club / Citroën Axel hatchback, assembled in Craiova, Romania.


In 1991, as a result of the withdrawal of Citroën from the joint venture, the name of the company was changed to Automobile Craiova and production continued under the Oltena brand.

In 1994, the company decided to go into partnership (49%-51%) with Korean company Daewoo Heavy Industries and Rodae Automobile was established, later renamed into Daewoo Automobile Romania.





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